Cooperative Extension University of Wisconsin-Extension

Issues in Agriculture

Extension Responds: Farming through Difficult times

Resources and Decisions Aids for Feed and Commodity Storage


Contact: Brian J. Holmes or David W. Kammel, 608-262-0096 or 608-262-9776, bjholmes@wisc.edu or dwkammel@wisc.edu

Click on the topic to jump to that section:


Management and Economics
Forage
Hay
Grain
Fuel Storage
Commodity Storage

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Economics General

Lease vs Buy – Spreadsheet  to determine whether it is less or more costly to lease an asset. See also, Leasing as an Option for Acquiring Assets: an explanation of the concepts of leasing.

Lease or Partnership - Provides help on developing an agreement which is financially attractive and equitable to all those forming a farm partnership or lease.

Odds Maker - Spreadsheet for evaluating price risks on dairy farms.

Spending Priorities for Dairy – PowerPoint discussing where to invest for profitability.

Farm Analysis Solution Tools – University of Illinois site were a vast array of analysis tools are available to download from their FARMDOC site.

Partial Budgets Explained  - Article explains how to develop and use a partial budget for economic decision making.

Partial Budgeting  - Article explaining partial budgeting with link to generic partial budgeting spreadsheet.

Ag Decision Maker – IA State University site were a vast array of publications and analysis tools are available.

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Forage

Economics and Pricing

Capital Costs of Pads for Bunkers, Piles, and Bag Silos – 2002 article covering the costs of various storage pads.

Corn Silage Pricing Decision Aid  - Helps determine a price for standing or harvested corn silage.

Estimating the Value of Standing Corn for Corn Silage - Spreadsheet for calculating the value of corn silage. TDN Value adjustments included.

Corn Silage Pricing – Spreadsheet  for calculating Corn Silage Adjusted Dry Matter Pricing.

Pricing Standing Forage Worksheet  - helps to determine ceiling and floor prices to pay for standing forage.

Tower Silo Capacity & Silage Value  (Corn Silage) = Tower silo dry matter storagecapacity calculator & pricer for corn silage.

Tower Silo Capacity & Silage Value  (Hay Silage) =  Tower silo dry matter storage capacity calculator & pricer for low moisture legume and legume grasses.

Hay Pricing Spreadsheet  - spreadsheet that automatically adjusts hay  price based on moisture and quality.

Enterprise Budget Spreadsheet - allows you to spread costs between milk, raising heifers and up to five cropping enterprises.

Custom Harvesting Spreadsheet  - allows you to determine forage harvesting costs vs. custom operator charges.

Using a Custom Harvester - Factors to Consider – Power Point Presentation.

Own Machinery vs Custom Harvest –Spreadsheet to determine your forage harvesting costs vs. custom operator charges.

Evaluating the Custom Harvesting Decision: Pros & Cons includes examples and instructions for the above spreadsheet.

Cost of Forage Storage Spreadsheet - helps analyze the capital and annual costs for various types of silage storage structures.

Estimating the Weight of Forage in a Forage Wagon – A Focus on Forage article.

2007 Wisconsin Custom Rate Guide – survey results of what producers were paying for custom services.

Working Successfully with a Custom Operator  - article discusses issues to consider when deciding to use a custom operator.

Building Rental - Estimating the rental value of Dairy Barns and Other Farm Buildings.

Determining a Strike Price for use when Hedging, Buying Options  - Worksheet.

Transitioning in Steps: Cost of Modernization – Article which includes cost of feed storage alternatives.

Sizing Silage Storage

Managing and Designing Bunker and Trench Silos (AED-43  )-provides worksheet for designing properly sized silage storage.

All Weather Geotextile Lanes and Pad (AED-45) –provides design information for low cost pads to be used to store silo bags or silage piles to avoid muddy conditions at feedout.

Bunker Silo Sizing Spreadsheet - helps design bunker silo size.

Bunker Silo Volume and Weight Calculator  - Spreadsheet designed to calculate the volume and weight (dry and wet) of silage stored in a bunker.

Silage Pile Dimension Calculator – Spreadsheet designed to help size silage piles.

Silage Pile Capacity Calculator - Spreadsheet designed to help determine the amount of silage in an existing silage pile.

Silage Bag Sizing Calculator   - Spreadsheet designed to help determine the number and size of silo bags needed to store forage and high moisture corn.

Silage Bag Capacity  - article with capacity tables.

Tower Silo Capacity  = Spreadsheet to determine the amount of feed remaining in a top unloading silo. Allows for up to four refills.

Silage Management

Determining Value of Improved Silage Management  - Spreadsheet to designed to help determine the value associated with dry matter and quality losses from harvesting, storing, and feeding forages.

Bunker Silo Density Calculator (in English and Espanol)  - Spreadsheet designed to help producers estimate bunker silo densities. Works for both English and Metric units and includes a Spanish translated option. Porosity now included as a factor.

Storage Density Calculator – Spreadsheet to estimate the average density of forage in selected storage units based on the weight of feed removed and the calculated volume of that feed.

Silage Pile Density Calculator (in English and Espanol)  - Spreadsheet designed to help determine the average density of a silage pile. Works for both English and Metric units and includes a Spanish (espanol) translated option. Porosity is included as a factor.

Managing Forage in Bunker Silos – Focus on Forage article about silage management in bunker silos.

Management of Bunker Silos and Silage Piles - article about silage management in bunker and pile silos.

Bunker Silo Cover Alternatives – Focus on Forage article showing the value of plastic covers vs alternatives that have been tried.

You Can't Judge a Bunker Silo by Its Cover - article showing the value of plastic covers vs alternatives that have been tried.

Storing Forage in Piles – Focus on Forage article about silage management in pile silos.

Storing Forage in Piles – PowerPoint presentation about silage management in pile silos.

Floor Length to Achieve Bunker/Pile Silo Filling Layer Thickness Calculator - estimates the length of floor needed to achieve the desired forage filling layer thickness prior to packing in a bunker or pile silo.

Facer Cost Analysis Spreadsheet - helps analyze the economics of owning and operating a facer for removing silage from horizontal silos.

Factors Affecting Bunker Silo Densities – article describes the research which formed the basis for recommendations on packing bunker and pile silos.

Packing Bunker and Pile Silos to Minimize Porosity – Focus on Forage article which discusses why density and porosity in bunker silos are important.

Packing Bunkers and Piles to Maximize Forage Preservation – article which discusses why density and porosity in bunker silos are important.

Density and Porosity in Bunker and Pile Silos – article which discusses why density and porosity in bunker silos are important.

Density and Losses in Pressed Bag Silos – article describing research results on bag silos.

Density and Losses in Pressed Bag Silos – PowerPoint presentation describing research results on bag silos.

Deciding on a Silage Storage Type – article with flow chart that helps guide on the type of silage storage to use.

Deciding on a Silage Storage Type – PowerPoint  presentation that guides on the type of silage storage to use.

Managing Forage in Silo Bags – Focus on Forage article.

Forage Storage Options, What’s Right for You? - PowerPoint presentation that helps guide on the type of silage storage to use.

Choosing Forage Storage Facilities – Article that discusses storage sizing and other factors related to silage storage.

Forage Feedout Losses for Various Storage Systems  - Focus on Forage article.

Preventing Silage Storage Losses – Article addresses practices which help reduce losses in various silage storages.

Making a Feed Inventory – Focus on Forage article about feed inventory with links t feed inventory tools.

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Hay Storage

Economics

Comparing Round Bale Storage CostsSpreadsheet helps analyze the economics of storing round bales.

Round Bale Hay Storage Costs – PowerPoint presentation on economics of round bale storage.

Management

Big Bale Storage Losses; how different options stack up – A Focus on Forage article.

Large Round Bale Storage – Article discussing alternatives.

Planning Hay Storage – British Columbia Fact Sheet.

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Grain

Economics and Pricing

Equivalent Price/Ton of: High Moisture Ear Corn (4.2008)
Conversion table for converting wet ear corn to its dry corn price equivalent – enter your values at row 80.

Equivalent Price/Ton of: High Moisture Shelled Corn (4.2008)
Conversion table for converting wet shelled corn to its dry corn price equivalent - enter your values at row 40.

Economic Comparison of Grain Storage Alternatives – IA State article with spreadsheet tool.

Cost of Storing Grain – IA State article with spreadsheet tool to consider on-farm vs commercial storage of grain. 

Grain Storage

Grain Drying, Handling and Storage Handbook (MWPS-13)-provides design information for grain drying and bin storage.

Dry Grain Aeration Systems Design Handbook (MWPS-29) – provides design information for grain aeration systems for bins and flat storage.

Low Temperature and Solar Grain Drying Handbook (MWPS-22)-Provides design and management information about low temperature (natural air)  grain drying with solar options.

Temporary Grain Storage – compendium of sources on the subject.

Temporary Grain Storage – Article on facilities and techniques used to store grain temporarily to prevent grain quality loss from weather, wind, moisture, rodents, birds.

Temporary Grain Storage Considerations - Fact sheet discusses considerations when selecting temporary grain storage.

Temporary Grain Storage Considerations  - Fact sheet discusses considerations when selecting temporary grain storage.

Emergency Storage of Grain : Outside piling information.

Adapting Silage Silos for Dry Grain Storage – Purdue University article.

Storage Capacity of Grain Structures – IA state site with online spreadsheet tool.

Grain Management

Managing Dry Grain in Storage (AED-20) – provides design and management information for preserving grain quality while in storage.

Purdue University Grain Storage & Management – Vast array of information at this site. Also references other sites on the subject.

University of Nebraska-Lancaster County – Array of grain storage info.

University of Minnesota Post Harvest  - Vast array of information at this site.

University of Minnesota Extension Grain Drying, Storage & Handling -Array of grain storage info.

North Dakota State Grain Storage & Management – vast array of grain storage and management.

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Fuel Storage

Fuel Storage -  Concrete secondary containment for fuel tanks.

Farm Fuel Tanks – Department of Commerce web site.

Farm and Residential Petroleum Storage Tanks –Issues and Regulations in Wisconsin.

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Commodity Storage

Physical Characteristics of Alternative Feeds - Bulk Density tables.

Commodity Storage Management and Conceptual Plans Information-Summary of several references including density of commodities and storage building plans.

Bulk Storage  – Penn State publication on bulk storage.