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University of Wisconsin 
Forage Research and Extension


Articles


Page Directory


Alfalfa Production Mgmt

Alfalfa Pest Mgmt

Grasses

Feeding Forages

Alfalfa Nutrient Mgmt

Alfalfa Economics

Corn Silage

Nutrient Mgmt

Alfalfa Quality Mgmt

Alfalfa Molds and Mycotoxins

Other Forage Articles

Milk 2006

Alfalfa Harvest Mgmt

Alfalfa’s Seeding Year Effects

Grazing/Pasture

Silage Storage & Bunker Silos


Alfalfa

Alfalfa Production Management

Alfalfa Management Guide

Alfalfa Best Practices (slide presentation)

No-Till Establishment of Forages

Wisconsin Forage Council AM-PM forage harvest study

Alfalfa cutting height to maximize forage yield and quality

Effect of Wheel Traffic on Alfalfa Yield

Effect of Wheel Traffic on Alfalfa Yield (slide presentation)

Minimizing Wheel Traffic Damage to Alfalfa

Heaving in Alfalfa Fields

How to Manage Hail Damaged Alfalfa and Red Clover

Pasture and Hay Seeding Rate Calculator

Seeding Rate of Different Alfalfa Seed Lots

Hard Seed in Alfalfa

Pure Live Seed

1998 Alfalfa Harvest

Winterkilled Alfalfa: What farmers need to consider

Winterkill in Alfalfa 2008

Frost Damage to Alfalfa

Cold Temperatures and Winter Kill (slide presentation)

Diagnosing and Managing Winter Injury

Hybrid Alfalfa

Italian Ryegrass as a Cover Crop Seeded with Alfalfa

Getting the Most from Drought Stressed Forages

What to do When Drought Stresses your Forages

Planting Guide for Forages

Change in Yield and Quality of Alfalfa

Low Lignin Alfalfa for Reducing Labor and Increasing Yield

Seeding Rate and Date for Forages in Wisconsin

Ash in Forage

Late Summer Seeding in Alfalfa

 

 

Alfalfa Nutrient Management

Alfalfa Management Guide

Alfalfa response to summer manure applications

Sulfur status and responses on Wisconsin alfalfa

Identifying and Managing Soil Compaction in Field Crop Production Nutrient Management

Considerations When Applying Manure to Alfalfa

Low Potassium in Forages

 

Alfalfa Quality Management

Alfalfa Management Guide

Alfalfa Best Practices (slide presentation)

Forage quality of first cutting due to wet spring

Predicting relative feed value using plant height and maturity (PEAQ)

Predicting neutral detergent fiber using plant height and maturity (PEAQ)

Understanding Forage Quality view as a PDF file (requires Acrobat Reader)

Diurnal Cycling Effect on Forage Quality

Diurnal Variation in Forage Quality Affects Animal Preference and Production

Palatability of Alfalfa and Grasses  (slide presentation)

Relative Forage Quality Indexing Legumes and Grasses for Forage Quality

Comparing Relative Forage Quality to Relative Feed Value

Change in RFV and RFQ of Alfalfa During the Spring Growth

Alfalfa Cutting Height to Maximize Forage Yield and Quality

New Developments in Analytical Evaluation of Forages and Total Mixed Rations

Common Sense About Odor

Economic Impact of Forage Quality

Using Digestible NDF to Determine Forage Quality

Getting the Most from Drought Stressed Forages

Change in Yield and Quality of Alfalfa

Ash in Forage

 

 

Alfalfa Harvest Management

Alfalfa Management Guide

Alfalfa Best Practices (slide presentation)

Minimizing Losses in Hay Storage and Feeding   view as a PDF file (requires Acrobat Reader)

Hay Dessicants and Preservatives

Late Summer Cutting Management of Alfalfa

Large Baler Research and Storage Ideas

Systems to Improve Storage Characteristics of Large Square Bales in a Humid Climate

Estimating how much silage is in a chopper wagon

Using High Quality Alfalfa Varieties to Stagger Harvest (slide presentation)

Plastic Wrapping Bales at Different Moistures and at Different Times after Baling

Successful Wrapping and Storage of Square Bales or view as a PowerPoint set

Fine Tuning Cutting Height to Maximize Forage Yield

Calculating Optimal Cutting Date and Net Return per Acre (Excel spreadsheet)

Yield and Stand

Getting Most from Mower-Conditioner

Comparing Forage Drydown Rates Using a Super Conditioner

Machinery Designs and Adjustment for Minimized Field Loss

Drying Forage for Hay and Haylage

Effectiveness of Equipment to Speed Hay Drying

Equipment to Rake and Merge Hay and Forage

Cutting Alfalfa Very Frequently

Getting the Most from Drought Stressed Forages

Change in Yield and Quality of Alfalfa

Low Lignin Alfalfa for Reducing Labor and Increasing Yield

Ash in Forage

 

 

 

Alfalfa Pest Management

Alfalfa Management Guide

RoundUp Ready Alfalfa (slide presentation)

Alfalfa Best Practices (slide presentation)

Potato leaf hopper

Performance of Potato Leafhopper Resistance in Alfalfa (slide presentation)

Advances in Breeding Alfalfa for Resistance to Potato Leafhopper

Potato Leafhopper Damage to Alfalfa

Update:  Potato Leafhopper Resistant Alfalfa

Aphanomyces Root Rot in Alfalfa

Aphanomyces Race 2 in Alfalfa
New Diseases – Aphanomyces Race 2 and Phytoplasma

Aphanomyces Race 2  (slide presentation)
Leaf Miner

Do You Have Poisonous Weeds in Your Pastures and Forages?  

Root and Crown Rots and Virus Diseases of Alfalfa and Clover

 

Alfalfa Economics

Buying and Selling Hay and Straw

Economics of RoundUp Ready Alfalfa

Hay Market Demand and Price Report for Upper Midwest

Calculating Risk of Alfalfa Winter Injury

Wisconsin Tested Hay Auctions  (annual price summaries)

Economics of Alfalfa Persistence

Value of  Standing Forage

How to Price Standing Forage  (Calculator for Pricing Your Standing Forage)

Use of Quickbooks and Quicken  

Wisconsin Labor Standards Laws and Farm Related Businesses

Value of Short Rotations for Alfalfa Profitability

Economics of Alfalfa Rotations (slide presentation)

Determining Custom Harvest Charges

Calculating Production Costs Per Acre, Ton, Bushel, Etc.

Economic Impact of Forage Quality

FDA requirement for tracking food and feed relative to Public Health Security and    Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002

Value of Minerals in Hay

Low Lignin Alfalfa for Reducing Labor and Increasing Yield

 

 

Molds and Mycotoxins

Forage quality of first cutting due to wet spring

Understanding and reducing mold growth in hay

Mycotoxin effects on dairy cattle

Common Sense About Odor

 

Long Term Effects of Seeding Year

Understanding autotoxicity in alfalfa

Alfalfa Autotoxicity (slide presentation)

Alfalfa Autotoxicity Risk Assessment Worksheet

Importance of First Year Alfalfa Yields

Effect of Seeding Year Stress on Future Alfalfa Yields

Importance of Seeding Year Alfalfa Yields (slide presentation)

Enhancing Seeding Year Alfalfa with Grasses and Nitrogen (slide presentation)

Seeding Rate and Date for Forages in Wisconsin

Late Summer Seeding in Alfalfa

 

 

 

 
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Grasses

Selecting Pasture Grasses

Ryegrass Types for Pasture and Hay

Ryegrass overseeding on pasture
Frost Seeding Legumes and Grasses into Pastures
Italian Ryegrass as a Cover Crop Seeded with Alfalfa
Alfalfa and Grass Mixtures in Dairy Rations

Alfalfa-Grass Mixtures (slide presentation)

Rust on Orchardgrass and Ryegrass  (slide presentation)

Establishment and Management of Switchgrass

Maturities of Cool-Season Forage Grasses

Palatability of Cool-Season Forage Grasses

Stockpiling Cool-Season Grasses for Winter Grazing

Compare Cool-Season Grasses  by Harvested Yield

Compare Cool-Season Grasses  by Grazing Intake & Palatability

Nitrogren Management for Grass Pastures

Fall Seeding of Grasses

Getting the Most from Drought Stressed Forages

Planting Guide for Forages

Selecting Grass Varieties

Seeding Rate and Date for Forages in Wisconsin

Photosensitization of Sheep and Goats from Switchgrass Hay

 

 

 

Corn Silage

Evaluation of corn silage types for best performance

Corn Silage types for best performance

Corn silage cutting height

Impact of crop processing on corn silage utilization by dairy cattle

Corn Silage Sampling and Analysis

HOW TO PROCESS CORN SILAGE or view as a PowerPoint set

Keys to Higher Corn Forage Yields

UW-Agronomy Corn Silage Breeding Web Site

UW-Extension Corn Silage Web Site

Getting the Most from Drought Stressed Forages

What to do When Drought Stresses your Forages

 

 

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Other Forages

Birdsfoot Trefoil for Grazing and Harvested Forage

Small grain forage yields view as a PDF file (requires Acrobat Reader)

Emergency Forage Plantings

Emergency Forage Options

Alternate Forage Crops

Alternative Field Crops Manual

Red Clover in the “Twenty-First” Century

White Clover for Wisconsin Pastures

Grazing White Clover

NFTA Forage Analysis Procedure

Sorghums, sudangrasses, and sorghum-sudangrass hybrids for Forage

New Forage Analyses  (slide presentation)

How to Manage Hail Damaged Alfalfa and Red Clover

Soybeans for Hay or Silage

Soybean Silage

Pea and Small Grain Mixtures

Root and Crown Rots and Virus Diseases of Alfalfa and Clover

Low Potassium in Forages

Influence of oat seeding dates on grain and forage yield, forage quality and milk yield view as a PDF file (requires Acrobat Reader)

Influence of barley seeding dates on grain and forage yield, forage quality and milk yield view as a PDF file (requires Acrobat Reader)

Brown Midrib Sorghum Forage

Birdsfoot Trefoil

Planting Guide for Forages

Sainfoin Not Recommended for Wisconsin

Seeding Rate and Date for Forages in Wisconsin

 

 

 

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Grazing/Pasture

 

Selecting Pasture Grasses

Pasture and Hay Seeding Rate Calculator

Supplementing stockers on pasture

Rotational grazing

Stocker Cattle on Pasture

Wisconsin Grazing Profitability Analysis

Bloat - a description

Preventing bloat on pasture

Seeding rate for pastures

Seeding Rate and Date for Forages in Wisconsin

Grazing economics-Guell Brothers Farm

Forgey’s River-View Farm Economic Comparison

Comparing Selected Characteristics of Two Types of Graziers in Wisconsin

Cost of Production for Grazing

Establishing Kura Clover Stands

White Clover for Wisconsin Pastures

Ryegrass Types for Pasture and Hay

Ryegrass overseeding on pasture

Uses of Brassica Crops in Grazing Systems

Nitrate Poisoning in Cattle, Sheep and Goats

Frost Seeding of Forages

Frost Seeding Legumes and Grasses into Pastures

Calculating Grazing Forage Needs and Pasture Availability - (download as an EXCEL version 5 spreadsheet)

Pasture fertilization

Nitrogren Management for Grass Pastures

Supplementation on pasture
Evaluation of a simple method for measuring pasture yield

Rust on Orchardgrass and Ryegrass  

Establishment and Management of Switchgrass

Maturities of Cool-Season Forage Grasses

Palatability of Cool-Season Forage Grasses

Stockpiling Cool-Season Grasses for Winter Grazing

Stockpiling Forages for Fall Grazing

Do You Have Poisonous Weeds in Your Pastures and Forages?

From Confinement to Grazing to the Future

My Years of Grazing Experience

Land Use and the Changing Face of Wisconsin Agriculture

Getting the Most from Drought Stressed Forages

Improving Existing Horse Pasture

Selecting Grass Varieties

Extending Grazing and Reducing Stored Feed Needs

Photosensitization of Sheep and Goats from Switchgrass Hay

 

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Feeding Forages

Sorghum and Sorghum-Sudangrasses and Frost-The danger of Prussic Acid Poisening

Variability of bypass protein in forages
Digestion kinetics of forages

Balancing use of corn silage and alfalfa in dairy rations
  -Nutritional Considerations
  -Economic Considerations
 Low Potassium in Forages

Diurnal Variation in Forage Quality Affects Animal Preference and Production

Photosensitization of Sheep and Goats from Switchgrass Hay

 

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Nutrient Management 
 

How much phosphorus do dairy cows need?
How much phosphorus do crops need?
Survey results of forage nutrient management of MN farms
Reducing phosphorus risk with management

Micronutrient status of manure

Nitrate Poisoning in Cattle, Sheep and Goats

Nutrient Management  

Identifying and Managing Soil Compaction in Field Crop Production Nutrient Management

Low Potassium in Forages

Nutrient Mgmt Briefings-Review of 2002’s Nutrient Mgmt Plans

Regulatory Update: Comprehensive Nutrient Mgmt. Plans

Wisconsin Water Quality – Agricultural Performance Standards

 

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Milk 2006 and Milk 2013

 

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Silage Storage & Bunker Silos

Alternate Harvesting and Storage Systems
Feeding Losses and Forage Storage System Costs

Nutritional Considerations for Silo Bags and Bunkers

Nutritional Considerations for Silo Bags and Bunkers(PowerPoint Presentation)
Cost of Silage Storage

Farmers doing contract feeding
Working Successfully with a Custom Operator

Maximizing Profits with Bunker Silos

Silage Density In Bunker and Bag Silos

Advances in Inoculants for Silage

Forage Storage Options, What’s Right for You

Deciding on a Silage Storage Type

 

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If you have questions or comments about this page email Dan Undersander at djunders@facstaff.wisc.edu.