Yields of cool-season grasses as tested in University of Wisconsin field trials, 1996 to present
MAX
MIN Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter Rust Resistance
Festulolium season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival** Stem/Crown
DUO 32 33 21 15 . . 112 4.95 -6.30 medium 3 yes/.
EMRYS 28 34 27 11 . . 85 3.47 -5.80 late 3 .
FELINA 35 27 22 16 . . 125 6.14 -6.20 medium 3 .
HYKOR 34 27 21 18 . . 123 6.08 -5.40 medium 3 .
SPRING GREEN 40 28 16 15 . . 84 6.01 -8.70 early 3 yes/yes
Average 34 30 21 15 . . 106 5.33
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter Rust Resistance
Italian ryegrass season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival** Stem/Crown
ABUNDANT 33 21 29 18 . . 121 3.56 -3.70 late 5 .
ADIN 11 14 17 21 22 14 93 7.09 1.23 medium 5 yes/.
BAR GS 21 28 32 19 . . 95 2.91 -0.20 . 5 .
BARMULTRA 12 45 18 24 . . 102 1.67 0.90 . 5 .
BARTISSIMO 25 29 29 17 . . 80 2.46 -2.40 . 5 .
BIG DADDY 25 13 24 22 13 3 93 10.77 -3.20 . 5 .
DORIKE 25 17 16 16 26 . 112 5.89 0.10 medium 5 .
FABIO 26 18 16 14 25 . 108 5.70 -0.60 early 5 .
FANTASTIC 45 29 24 3 . . 119 3.28 -13.10 early 5 .
FEAST II 16 25 23 18 19 . 97 2.90 -0.10 medium 5 yes/.
FLANKER 7 52 16 24 . . 96 1.58 1.50 early 5 .
GORDO 26 18 15 15 26 . 82 4.31 -0.30 . 5 .
JEANNE 13 14 16 21 22 14 109 8.75 0.97 late 5 yes/.
JIVET 24 26 31 18 . . 104 3.06 -1.30 medium 5 .
LICARNO 25 16 18 16 25 . 87 4.59 0.00 medium 5 .
LIGRANDE 24 17 18 18 23 . 88 3.49 -0.10 medium-early 5 .
LIMETA 25 17 16 15 26 . 86 4.49 0.00 medium-early 5 .
LITONIO 26 19 15 15 26 . 110 5.77 -0.40 medium 5 .
LIVICTORY 23 19 19 17 23 . 103 4.12 -0.20 early 5 .
MACHO 27 17 18 14 25 . 107 5.64 -0.70 medium-late 5 .
MAJOR 24 35 24 16 . . 106 2.45 -3.50 medium 5 .
MAX 15 22 23 22 18 . 98 2.67 0.60 medium 5 yes/.
NABUCCO 22 18 21 17 22 . 107 5.05 -0.10 medium-early 5 .
PASSEREL 24 22 31 22 . . 116 3.42 0.30 medium 5 .
PODIUM 28 24 24 23 . . 102 2.99 -1.50 . 5 .
SHOOT 41 15 26 19 . . 116 3.42 -5.50 . 5 .
SIKEM 11 43 19 27 . . 91 1.49 2.40 . 5 yes/.
SULTAN 22 24 35 19 . . 107 3.30 0.20 . 5 .
VICUGNA 21 26 36 18 . . 109 3.36 0.10 . 5 yes/.
WINTERSTAR 8 49 19 24 . . 86 1.42 1.80 medium 5 yes/.
WVPB-101 27 26 38 9 . . 99 3.05 -4.20 . 5 .
ZORRO 42 29 29 . . . 114 7.66 -6.50 late 5 yes/.
Average 23 25 23 18 23 10 101 4.13
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter
Meadow bromegrass season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival**
FLEET 37 13 14 12 15 9 111 6.38 -3.89 . 1
MACBETH 37 9 19 15 15 5 109 7.53 -4.17 medium 1
PADDOCK 36 14 16 10 15 9 112 6.30 -3.94 early 2
REGAR 53 19 15 13 . . 114 4.85 -12.40 . 1
Average 41 14 16 13 15 8 112 6.27
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter
Meadow fescue season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival**
BARTURA 31 14 13 12 17 12 90 5.35 -2.49 . 2
LAURA 49 20 17 15 . . 90 3.81 -10.50 . 2
PRADEL 28 14 13 14 17 14 94 5.70 -1.71 . 2
Average 36 16 14 14 17 13 91 4.95
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter Rust Resistance
Orchardgrass season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival** Stem/Crown
ALBERT 36 20 15 15 14 . 119 6.81 -4.90 late 2 yes/.
ATHOS 23 26 16 16 18 . 95 7.66 -2.00 late 3 yes/.
BARIDANA 36 25 30 9 . . 99 4.66 -7.60 late 2 yes/.
BENCHMARK 35 25 23 18 . . 105 5.97 -5.30 early 2 yes/.
BOUNTY 40 18 16 14 13 . 107 6.81 -5.80 early 2 yes/.
BRONC 40 29 19 12 . . 103 6.53 -9.40 medium 2 yes/.
CENTURY 35 13 17 10 16 9 110 7.07 -3.66 medium 2 yes/.
COMMAND 30 15 20 12 15 8 103 6.72 -3.37 late 2 yes/.
CRISTOSS  8 10 25 17 24 16 97 6.84 2.11 late 3 yes/.
EARLY ARCTIC 42 21 14 12 10 . 107 6.16 -7.30 medium 2 .
ELSIE 38 31 18 14 . . 98 6.27 -8.50 medium-late 2 .
ENDURANCE 19 15 19 16 17 14 100 5.88 -0.63 early 2 .
EXTEND 43 17 16 13 11 . 109 7.05 -6.80 late 2 yes/yes
HARVESTAR 20 18 21 13 19 9 95 7.36 -1.71 late 2 yes/.
HAYMASTER 43 17 16 13 12 . 102 6.59 -6.60 late 2 yes/.
HAYMATE 36 28 21 16 . . 109 6.45 -6.70 late 1 .
ICON 29 15 19 13 16 8 108 7.63 -3.09 medium-late 2 yes/.
LG-31 24 24 17 17 18 . 99 7.99 -1.90 late 3 yes/.
MEGABITE 39 25 24 11 . . 110 6.08 -8.50 medium 2 yes/yes
OLYMPIA 23 11 18 15 18 15 92 5.43 -0.63 medium-late 2 yes/.
PIZZA 25 17 18 14 17 8 105 7.73 -2.54 medium-late 2 yes/.
POTOMAC 33 26 31 10 . . 94 4.43 -6.40 early 3 yes/.
PROFILE 38 25 22 15 . . 100 6.28 -7.20 early 2 .
PROFIT 22 15 20 14 19 10 99 7.79 -1.54 medium-late 2 yes/
PROGRESS 39 26 20 15 . . 103 6.48 -7.80 medium-early 2 yes/.
SECO 22 15 20 16 15 11 107 6.29 -1.69 late 2 yes/.
STAMPEDE 41 25 18 16 . . 93 4.84 -8.20 early 1 .
TAKENA 32 27 21 20 . . 92 5.12 -4.20 medium 1 .
TAKENA II 24 15 21 14 17 9 103 7.95 -2.17 medium-late 2 yes/.
UDDER 30 25 27 18 . . 104 5.44 -3.40 medium-late 2 .
VAILLANT  9 12 24 17 21 17 99 6.92 1.71 late 3 yes/.
WARRIOR 32 26 25 18 . . 94 4.97 -4.30 early 1 .
Average 31 21 20 14 16 11 102 6.44
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter Rust Resistance
Perennial ryegrass season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival** Stem/Crown
ACENTO 39 32 14 15 . . 97 3.78 -9.00 medium 4 .
ANACONDA 40 28 22 10 . . 63 2.69 -9.60 medium 4 .
ARSENAL 46 21 15 17 . . 107 4.16 -9.30 medium 4 .
ASTON ENERGY 40 29 16 16 . . 107 4.20 -8.50 medium 4 .
ASTON PRINCESS 45 25 14 16 . . 108 4.19 -9.80 late 4 .
AUBISQUE 25 20 9 18 28 . 109 5.74 0.40 early 4 .
BOOST 41 13 10 15 21 . 127 6.65 -3.80 medium 4 yes/.
CALIBRA 17 29 21 18 15 . 92 7.61 -1.50 medium 4 .
ELGON 24 35 23 18 . . 103 4.71 -3.00 medium-late 4 yes/.
EUROSTAR 15 26 14 13 21 10 103 7.40 -1.17 . 4 yes/.
FORNIDO 41 30 15 14 . . 102 3.97 -9.60 late 4 .
GRAND DADDY 26 37 20 17 . . 73 3.23 -4.40 medium 4 .
LICAMPO 44 23 13 20 . . 104 4.06 -8.20 late 4 .
LIGENIUS 45 26 15 13 . . 103 4.03 -10.70 medium 4 .
LISMORE 47 28 13 13 . . 87 3.40 -11.70 medium 4 .
MATHILDE 22 24 10 12 21 10 109 7.78 -1.91 medium 4 .
MEZQUITA 38 29 14 19 . . 99 3.85 -7.20 late 4 .
PORTIA 12 28 14 14 22 10 95 6.74 -0.80 late 4 .
REMINGTON 31 30 23 9 8 . 102 6.78 -6.70 late 4 yes/.
RESPECT 19 39 20 22 . . 100 4.08 -1.00 medium 4 yes/.
SIERRA 19 20 16 22 23 . 75 3.92 1.00 early 4 yes/.
SURES 39 29 15 16 . . 101 3.93 -8.30 late 4 .
TOMASO 42 26 14 18 . . 99 3.87 -8.40 late 4 .
TORONTO 47 25 13 15 . . 91 3.57 -10.80 medium 4 .
TRIVOS 43 26 14 17 . . 105 4.09 -9.00 medium-late 4 .
ZOCALO 40 29 15 16 . . 92 3.60 -8.60 late 4 .
Average 34 27 15 16 20 10 98 4.69
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter
Reed canarygrass season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival**
CHIEFTON 36 21 16 15 12 . 106 6.26 -5.40 . 1
LARA 36 24 17 15 8 . 125 6.92 -6.50 medium 1
MARATHON 49 20 14 9 7 . 105 6.55 -9.50 medium 2
Average 40 22 16 13 9 . 112 6.58
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
* Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter
Smooth bromegrass season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival**
BLIZZARD 42 29 17 13 . . 91 4.40 -9.90 late 1
EMBASSY 40 23 19 17 . . 91 4.55 -7.30 early 2
PEAK 56 11 10 12 11 . 95 7.68 -8.90 medium 2
YORK 45 17 11 13 14 . 103 7.07 -6.60 medium 2
Average 46 20 14 14 13 . 95 5.93
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter
Tall fescue season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival**
ARIDO 18 21 18 16 15 12 106 7.26 -1.43 medium 2
BAROLLEX 29 30 24 17 . . 99 6.18 -4.20 late 2
BRONSON 29 25 23 23 . . 91 5.47 -2.00 early 1
COURTENAY 26 27 18 15 13 . 108 7.00 -3.80 late 2
DESPERADO 28 25 32 15 . . 102 6.06 -3.20 late 1
ENHANCE 26 17 14 13 17 12 101 6.36 -2.03 medium 2
FAWN 37 28 21 13 . . 106 6.79 -7.90 medium 2
KORA 32 28 22 18 . . 100 5.89 -4.80 early 1
KY 31 32 26 24 18 . . 105 6.52 -4.40 early 1
ORYGUN 35 25 24 16 . . 107 6.73 -5.80 early 2
RUSTLER 16 16 16 16 18 19 105 6.18 0.60 . 2
SAVORY 13 19 19 18 18 13 109 7.51 -0.11 medium 2
SEINE 19 18 15 15 19 14 100 7.40 -0.63 medium-late 2
SELECT 33 26 22 19 . . 104 6.54 -4.60 medium-early 1
STOCKMAN 29 16 15 12 17 11 103 6.58 -2.57 medium 2
TETON 36 28 21 15 . . 116 7.37 -7.00 medium-early 2
TF 33 32 28 21 18 . . 97 5.68 -4.90 medium 1
TUSCANY II 17 19 19 16 17 12 115 7.92 -0.97 medium 2
Average 27 23 20 16 17 13 104 6.64
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none
Cut 1 Cut 2 Cut 3 Cut 4 Cut 5 Cut 6 Total Total
% of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of   % of  tons/acre Winter
Timothy season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield season yield Trial Mean   Beta* Maturity Survival**
AURORA 42 27 17 13 . . 91 5.27 -9.70 late 1
CLAIR 47 22 25 6 . . 108 4.02 -12.00 early 2
CLIMAX 39 29 20 12 . . 92 4.16 -9.00 early 2
COLT 40 28 18 13 . . 108 4.59 -9.10 late 2
CREST 39 18 12 14 10 6 89 6.02 -5.34 late 1
DERBY 43 12 16 12 11 7 91 6.31 -5.34 early 1
DOLINA 39 29 18 13 . . 97 4.44 -8.90 late 2
EXPRESS 39 19 13 13 10 6 85 5.92 -5.49 medium 2
ITASCA 40 27 18 15 . . 88 5.07 -8.40 medium-late 1
NOVIO 33 25 11 13 10 8 91 5.32 -4.80 . 1
OUTLAW 46 27 19 7 . . 102 4.74 -12.50 late 2
RICHMOND 40 25 22 14 . . 95 5.43 -8.10 medium 2
SUMMIT 44 10 17 11 11 7 86 5.87 -5.37 early 2
TALON 38 13 19 12 12 6 91 6.73 -4.86 early 1
TORO 39 25 21 15 . . 97 5.49 -7.60 late 1
TREASURE 59 7 15 13 6 . 91 5.89 -10.00 medium 2
TUNDRA 40 23 11 13 13 . 89 5.11 -6.40 late 1
TUUKKA 36 34 27 3 . . 116 5.97 -10.60 medium-late 1
WINNETOU 45 28 17 11 . . 85 3.85 -11.30 late 1
Average 41 23 18 12 10 7 94 5.27
*A high beta means more consistent season-long yield; a more negative beta means higher percentage of yield in first cut.
**Winter Survival: 1=superior, 2= good, 3=average, 4=poor, 5=none